This collection of quotes is being compiled by Lo Snöfall


07 July 2018

I intend to remake this hymn slightly to clarify my own intentions with it.

I found it in the Morning Prayer on the Universalis app just now.


”This hymn dates from the 7th or 8th century and is by an unknown author. It is a joyful, simple celebration of the hope which leads us to look forward to the time when an eternal and definitive day will dawn.”

Auróra iam spargit polum, 

terris dies illábitur, 

lucis resúltat spículum: 

discédat omne lúbricum.

Iam vana noctis décidant, 

mentis reátus súbruat,

quicquid ténebris hórridum 

nox áttulit culpæ, cadat,

Ut mane illud últimum, 

quod præstolámur cérnui,

in lucem nobis éffluat, 

dum hoc canóre cóncrepat.

Deo Patri sit glória 

eiúsque soli Fílio 

cum Spíritu Paráclito, 

in sempitérna sǽcula. Amen.

It were my soul’s desire 

To see the face of God; 

It were my soul’s desire 

To rest in his abode.

Grant, Lord, my soul’s desire, 

Deep waves of cleansing sighs, 

Grant, Lord, my soul’s desire, 

From earthly cares to rise.

It were my soul’s desire 

To imitate my King, 

It were my soul’s desire 

His endless praise to sing.

It were my soul’s desire, 

When heaven’s gate is won, 

To find my soul’s desire, 

Clear shining like the sun.

This still my soul’s desire, 

Whatever life afford, 

To gain my soul’s desire 

And see thy face, O Lord.

18 October 2017

On White Holes
In my search for accessible existant explanations of what a WHITE HOLE is, in this text [] was a most helpful metaphor to help me explain better the obvious importance of our capacity for willing and consequently bringing into existence... almost whatever...
The metaphor that is here used to disprove the connections and therefor the existance of WHITE HOLES can easy connect to and prove our everyday natural reliance on belief, trust, faith, hope, expectation... the way life has developed and is continually evolving according to our conscious WILL guiding our subconscious and superconscious to follow...

As my good friend and sometimes Guide to Space contributor, Dr. Brian Koberlein says, "If you start with five cupcakes and start giving them away, you eventually run out. At that point you can't give away any more. In this case you can't count down past zero. Sure, you can hand out slips of paper with "I O U ONE cupcake." written on them, but it would be ridiculous to use the existence of negative numbers to claim that "negative cupcakes" exist and can be handed out to people."

Read more at:
Mark Cidade was working with a project that he named A White Hole that I tried to understand.

"If you start with five cupcakes and start giving them away, you eventually run out. At that point you can't give away any more. In this case you can't count down past zero. Sure, you can hand out slips of paper with "I O U ONE cupcake." written on them, but it would be ridiculous to use the existence of negative numbers to claim that "negative cupcakes" exist and can be handed out to people."

Read more at:
As my good friend and sometimes Guide to Space contributor, Dr. Brian Koberlein says, "If you start with five cupcakes and start giving them away, you eventually run out. At that point you can't give away any more. In this case you can't count down past zero. Sure, you can hand out slips of paper with "I O U ONE cupcake." written on them, but it would be ridiculous to use the existence of negative numbers to claim that "negative cupcakes" exist and can be handed out to people."

Read more at:
If there were created after the Big Bang, they might get around to decaying and exploding as white holes any day now. Except, according to Stephen Hawking, they would have already evaporated.
Another interesting idea put forth by physicists, is that a might explain the Big Bang, since this is another situation where a tremendous amount of matter and energy spontaneously appeared.
In all likelihood, white holes are just fancy math. And since fancy math rarely survives contact with reality, white holes are probably just imaginary.

Read more at:

08 October 2017

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Daniel and I

2017.10.01 - Pope Francis in Bologna - Meeting with Clergy and Consacrat...

07 October 2017

The 1917 Jewish Publication Society version of the Tanakh (also known as the Masoretic Text)

"Question: "What is the Masoretic Text?"

The Hebrew text of the Old Testament is called the Masoretic Text because in its present form it is based upon the Masora—the Hebrew, textual tradition of the Jewish scholars known as the Masoretes (or Masorites). The Masoretes were rabbis who made it their special work to correct the faults that had crept into the text of the Old Testament during the Babylonian captivity, and to prevent, for the future, its being corrupted by any alteration. They first separated the apocryphal from the canonical books, and divided the latter into twenty-two books, being the number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet. Then they divided each book into sections and verses.

There is a great difference of opinion as to when the Masoretic Text was written, but it was probably accomplished in the 10th -11th century. Several editions existed, varying considerably, but the received and authoritative text is that of Jacob ben-chayim ibn Adonijah, who carefully sifted and arranged the previous works on the subject. It was published in 1524.

Although the existing copies of the Masoretic Text date back only to the tenth century, two other important textual evidences bolster the confidence of textual critics that it is accurate. The first is the successive discoveries of manuscripts at Qumran by the Dead Sea since 1947. These revealed portions of manuscripts several centuries older than any previously known. The second is the comparison of the Masoretic text to the Greek translation called the Septuagint (or LXX), which was written around 200-150 B.C. The oldest existing manuscripts date back to the fourth century A.D. Both the Septuagint and the Dead Sea Scrolls reveal an amazing consistency with the Masoretic Text, assuring us that God was indeed divinely and sovereignly protecting His Word through thousands of years of copying and translating." 

31 August 2017

(Because Im designing a woven fabric label where I want to be able to write a production number and the year of construction by hand in time.)
How to learn MORE by making mistakes:
searching for whatsit that I dont know the name of and trying [wrongly] with
uppercase o
then searching for number international abbreviation nr no

THEN starting a search for an international symbol for 'Year:'

Into something different (how different?):
What about the letter 'Y' ['y' is different why?] as a "road" symbol?

Short for Signature?

29 April 2017

A SOLUTIONAL SKETCH POST IN PROGRESS that I intend to develop further.
ive not included any of my proposals for solution yet.
Can you figure out what Im driving at?
First I saw a crane (that I had to remind myself the english word for) flying close past my bedroom window.
The search for swedish 'trana' in english opened in ...
OBSERVE the translation from (earlier used language) portugese into 'trance*. What Im doing here Im doing as in an important trance state of mind. Very focused.
Then I checked the english word that I originally searched for which is 'crane' (also meaning something like something that lifts something...)
En ofta upprepad myt, som bland annat beskrivs av Plinius den äldre var att tranan var en pliktskyldig fågel, och den beskrivs likt en soldat, och när flocken skulle sova så ställdes alltid en trana på vakt som fick hålla en sten. Om tranan somnade tappade den stenen och skulle på så sätt väcka sig själv. Denna myt motsägs av Aristoteles i hans Historia Animalium men istället menar han att fågeln inne i kroppen bär på en sten som ballast och om de spyr upp den så är det en sten som kan förvandla saker till guld, likt de vises sten.

"[Verse 1]
I tried to drink it away
I tried to put one in the air
I tried to dance it away
I tried to change it with my hair

[Verse 2]
I ran my credit card bill up
Thought a new dress would make it better
I tried to work it away
But that just made me even sadder

[Verse 3]
I tried to keep myself busy
I ran around in circles
Think I made myself dizzy
I slept it away, I sexed it away
I read it away

[Refrain 1]
Away, away, away, away, away
Away, away, away, away, away

[Hook 1]
Well it's like cranes in the sky
Sometimes I don't wanna feel those metal clouds
Yeah, it's like cranes in the sky
Sometimes I don't wanna feel those metal clouds

[Verse 4]
I tried to run it away
Thought then my head be feeling clearer
I traveled 70 states
Thought moving round make me feel better

[Verse 5]
I tried to let go my lover
Thought if I was alone then maybe I could recover
To write it away or cry it away
Don't you cry baby

[Refrain 1]
Away, away, away, away, away
Away, away, away, away, away

[Hook 2]
But it's like cranes in the sky
Sometimes I don't wanna feel those metal clouds
Yeah, it's like cranes in the sky
Sometimes I don't wanna feel those metal...

[Refrain 2]
Away, away, away, away, away
Away, away, away, away, away
Away, away, away, away, away
Away, away, away, away, away
Away, away, away, away, away
Away, away, away, away, away"


13 April 2017

Bogen pattern cobblestone paving
"... The second type of incremental scales has a reference, where a reference position is aligned with on increment of the incremental scale.
Typically, motion control systems are based on incremental systems. They provide a relative movement scheme as input. Incremental systems will require a home run to find the reference position and then count from there...

There are many possible solutions for absolute measurement. BOGEN can produce scales for any absolute pattern and provides several different types of sensing heads for some of the technologies. ...Using a binary patterns, multiple tracks can be written in parallel. Through the binary system using the zero as a north pole and the one as south pole, a magnetic pattern can be written, where each combination of the different tracks provides one position... "

Conformal cobblestones open ended question:
Conformal mappings make a good basis for such patterns because of their angle-preserving property, which means that a square grid is mapped onto a curvilinear orthogonal grid which can be easily constructed from an arrangement of square cobblestones (setts).
The curves in the Bogen pattern are catenaries of equal strength. They are described by ξ=clncosη
and ξ=clnsinη, where f(z)=ξ+iη and c is a real constant.
Other conformal mapping functions commonly seen in cobblestones are f(z)=z
(rectilinear) and f(z)=ez
(circular). But which other functions would be suitable, and which have actually been used?
[Edit: function definitions inverted to conform to usual convention.]

08 April 2017

07 April 2017

The Throne Verse of the Koran
This verse speaks about how nothing and nobody is comparable to Allah.

Allah ! There is no deity but Him, the Alive, the Eternal.
Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him.
Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth.
Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave?
He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them,
while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will.
His throne includeth the heavens and the earth,
and He is never weary of preserving them.
He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.

Burial of Sarah
Part of Art by Gustave Doré, originally uploaded by Neutrality.

"The Cave of the Patriarchs, also called the Cave of Machpelah ... and known by Muslims as the Sanctuary of Abraham or the Ibrahimi Mosque, is a series of subterranean chambers located in the heart of the old city of Hebron in the Hebron Hills. According to tradition that has been associated with the Holy Books Torah, Bible and Quran, the cave and adjoining field were purchased by Abraham as a burial plot."
Dating back over 2,000 years, the monumental Herodian compound is believed to be the oldest continuously used intact prayer structure in the world, and is the oldest major building in the world that still fulfills its original function."
"The Hebrew name of the complex reflects the very old tradition of the double tombs of Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob and Leah, considered the Patriarchs and Matriarchs of the Jewish people, who are all believed to be buried there."
"... In the round chamber, which is 12 metres (39 ft) below the entrance to the shaft, there are three stone slabs, the middle of which contains a partial inscription of Sura 2, verse 255, from the Quran, the famous Ayatul Kursi, Verse of the Throne."

"... Arabs returned in the morning, it was pretty obvious that something was amiss. They realized that the Jews had entered the cave against their will, and sealed off the rock with concrete. Since that time, no archaeological examinations of any kind have taken place at the Cave.
After his talk, I had one question for Mr. Arnon: "Why didn't you take more pictures?"
He told me the obvious. Cameras thirty years ago were somewhat more complicated and difficult to manage than our point-and-clicks today. It was pitch black. Lighting was impossible. He took as many pictures as he could, but it's not like today, where you look at the screen and see what you've got. Anyone older than thirty will remember that way back, not more than ten years ago, you took a picture with something called "film", and you shot the picture and hoped for the best.
What you see is what came out.

Pottery from the Cave
Often, when visiting ancient sites here in Israel, I find myself wondering whether this is the "real" burial place, or just some shrine erected centuries later. (Think: Kever Rachel, Kever David, Kever Yosef - the list goes on and on). Some part of me always wondered whether that same question applied to the most important burial ground in Jewish History. Hearing Arnon's story doesn't answer the question scientifically, but I never needed absolute proof. That place was - and is - an ancient burial ground - and I truly believe that Avraham Avinu chose that cave as the final resting place for his wife, himself, and his descendants.
Its a tribute to Noam Arnon and the people who live in Hevron today, that we merit the ability to visit, pray and worship there today" 

11 January 2017

1.3K synonyms

 n.mess, muddle, clutter (44 upvotes)

 n.disorder, muddle, mess (39 upvotes)

chaos n.disorder, mess, muddle (38 upvotes)

jumble n.disorder, mess, muddle (36 upvotes)

 n.disorder, muddle, jumble (35 upvotes)

disarray n.disorder, mess, muddle (32 upvotes)

muddle n.disorder, mess, jumble (31 upvotes)

tangle n.disorder, mess, muddle (31 upvotes)

commotion n.disorder, mess, muddle (29 upvotes)

clutter n.disorder, mess, muddle (28 upvotes)

262 antonyms

order n.calm, understanding, arrangement (10 upvotes)

clarity n.calm, order, understanding (9 upvotes)

method n.calm, order, understanding (7 upvotes)

organization n.calm, order, understanding (6 upvotes)

structure n.mess, clutter, disorganization (6 upvotes)

confidence n. (4 upvotes)

composure n.calm, order, understanding (3 upvotes)

system n.calm, order, understanding (3 upvotes)

poise agitation (3 upvotes)

sense n.calm, order, understanding (3 upvotes)

Power Thesaurus
Crowdsourced. Straightforward. User-friendly.

02 January 2017
In computer science, starvation is a problem encountered in concurrent computing where a process is perpetually denied necessary resources to process its work.[1]
Starvation may be caused by errors in a scheduling or mutual exclusion algorithm, but can also be caused by resource leaks, and can be intentionally caused via a denial-of-service attack such as a fork bomb.
The impossibility of starvation in a concurrent algorithm is called starvation-freedom, lockout-freedom[2] or finite bypass,[3] is an instance of liveness, and is one of the two requirements for any mutual exclusion algorithm (the other being correctness).
The name "finite bypass" means that any process (concurrent part) of the algorithm is bypassed at most a finite number times before being allowed access to the shared resource.

18 December 2016

"Bön av Optina äldste på varje dag
Optina öken kan kallas vad du vill: en symbol för ortodoxi, namolennye plats helig mark - det kommer att vara sant.
Dess mycket plats: närhet till Kozelsk, en stad av rysk ära, stanna till sista invånare i 7 veckor försvar mot de krafter i den gyllene Horde - antyder närvaron i detta land speciella anda.

Uppkomsten av öken
River Zhizdra, trädgård kanten av skogen gör detta område till en idealisk plats för anhängarna av Johannes döparen, som var känd för att han var den första i öknen, är att en eremit.
Inga kända datum eller historien om förekomsten av Optina.
Men hennes namn (den andra - Makarinskaya) gynnar den version av rusa mannen opte, jagas i det XIV-talet rån.
Gömmer sig från förföljare, skulle han bara sitta i en lugn plats, men ned på honom nåd vände hela sitt rovgiriga liv.
Han blev den första eremiten Makarios.
Det kan antas att en bön Optina fläder på varje dag har sina rötter vid denna tidpunkt...


Morgonbön period av lycka
Särskilt anmärkningsvärt är två böner, en av dem - morgonbönen Optina äldste.
Efter att ha läst dem för första gången, är det omöjligt att inte notera sin olikhet med böner alla.
I dem, och på morgonen och på kvällen, det har gjort så mycket uttryck och passion som faktiskt kan de spela rollen av affirmationer (en kort fras, upprepade upprepa att i det undermedvetna människans kan stärka den önskade bilden eller inställning).
Installera till lycka, till glädje, att leva i harmoni med alla.
Denna bön påminner snarare en psalm och en spell på samma gång.
Den upprepade erkännande av Herren i kärlek låter som en oövervinnerlig tro på ömsesidighet.
Den person som gör denna bön, uppriktigt anser att det är svårt att inte svara på en uppriktig begäran om hjälp i angelägenheter bara ljus och bra för kärleksförklaring till allt och alla.
En ström av varmt tack, upprepade "Amen" kan leda till ett tillstånd av glädje och välvillig mot hela världen..."

Optina Elders

19 October 2016 

"Ryska kyrkan i Stockholm börjar sin historia i samband med fredsfördraget i Stolbova mellan Sverige och Ryssland år 1617. Enligt paragraf 15 erhöll de ryska köpmännen i Stockholm och Viborg rätten att fritt få hålla sina gudstjänster enligt sin egen tro: måge hafue deris friie gudstjenst efter deris religion i deris hus och stufuur udi Stockholm och Wiiborgh.

De rysk-svenska förbindelserna har en månghundraårig historia även före freden i Stolbova. Redan under vikingatiden banades en handelsväg från varjagernas land till grekernas land — det vill säga från Sverige till Konstantinopel. Den ryska Nestorskrönikan berättar för året 862 att ryssarna sände bud till varjagerna, dvs vikingarna: Vårt land är stort och rikt, men det finns ingen ordning i det. Kom och var furstar över oss. Tre bröder hörsammade kallelsen. Den äldste, Rurik, slog sig ner i Novgorod och grundade den första ryska furstedynastin. På den tiden var Östersjön — "Nordeuropas Medelhav" — en plats för ömsesidiga och täta kontakter mellan de folk som levde längs stränderna.

Sveriges förste kristne konung Olof Skötkonung gifte i början av 1000-talet bort sin dotter Ingegerd med novgorodfursten Jaroslav den Vise. Som änka vigdes hon till nunna under namnet Anna. Hon blev senare under medeltiden vördad av Kyrkan som helgon och är därmed kristenhetens första kvinnliga helgon av svensk börd."
TVÅ googleplex i 64 lager?
Kan man seriöst bevisa något med hjälp av det eller är det bara som en femtioelva?

Graham's number is commonly celebrated as the largest number ever used in a mathematical proof, although much larger numbers have since claimed this title (such as TREE(3) and SCG(13)).
The smallest Bowersism exceeding Graham's number is corporal,
and the smallest Saibianism exceeding Graham's number is graatagold [short for 'gratuitous golden googol']...

26 September 2016

"Dygd (grekiska areté) menar i en vidare bemärkelse ett eftersträvansvärt karaktärsdrag i allmänhet eller i en viss grupp... I dess smalare och traditionella eller klassiska bemärkelse avses med begreppet förverkligandet av en själsförmåga...
Dessa utgör grundvalen för alla andra dygder. Aristoteles utvecklade systemet, med en tudelat dygdbegrepp: dianoetiska dygder som hade med kunskapen att göra, och etiska dygder som var handlingar som grundade sig på medfödda egenskaper. Enligt Aristoteles var den rätta handlingen den som valde mitten av ytterligheter, mesotes, som kanske bäst översätts med lagom...

Sedan mitten av 1900-talet har dock dygdetiken börjat uppleva en kraftig renässans, av flera skäl. Ett skäl är att deontologiska maxim, som exempelvis "det är fel att döda" är generella emedan de tillämpas i partikulära kontexter. Svårigheten ligger då i att veta vad som utgör en instansiering av maximet. Att relatera generella principer till partikulära fall är precis vad som avses med dygden klokhet, vilken alltså behövs också i deontologisk teori."

Listade dygder behöver alltså definieras visavi dess önskvärdhet, exemplifieras och relativiseras för att vara till hjälp vid mina bedömningar i alla de unika omständigheter och tillfällen jag möter.
JAG FRÅGAR MIG SJÄLV (men måste söka svar med hjälp av andras uppfattningar):

Hur skiljer sig olika kulturers uppfattning om vad som är dygder?

Inom vilka ramar kvarstår dom som dygder och övergår inte till icke önskvärda överdrifter?

Hur har åsikterna om dygder förändrats?

Hur kan olikheterna och förändringarna förklaras?

Hur korrelerar ändrade uppfattningar om vad som är dygdigt inom olika aspekter av samma kulturer med varandra?

Vilket sorts och mått av odygdighet kan tolereras inom en grupp utan repressalier?
Går det att utröna med vilka avsikter?
Hur förhåller du dig till egna brott mot din egen uppfattning av dygd?

Vilka dygder fattas i listan?
Kan ett visst överseende också betraktas som en dygd?
Är förlåtsamhet att betraktas som en viktig dygd? Är det en del av världsmedvetenhet?

Kan dygder rangordnas på ett hjälpsamt sätt?

Finns forskning om dygder som kan visa oss var vi befinner oss i teori och praktik? (Det finns självuppskattnings-skalor av olika slag utarbetade via internet men jag vet inte mycket om hur den sortens skalor kan användas i forskning och hjälpsyfte.)

Antika dygder
Den systematiska läran om dygden går tillbaka på den antika filosofin. Från övervägandena hos Platon, Aristoteles, Cicero och stoikerna utvecklades ett system med fyra kardinaldygder:
Dessa utgör grundvalen för alla andra dygder. Aristoteles utvecklade systemet, med en tudelat dygdbegrepp: dianoetiska dygder som hade med kunskapen att göra, och etiska dygder som var handlingar som grundade sig på medfödda egenskaper. Enligt Aristoteles var den rätta handlingen den som valde mitten av ytterligheter, mesotes, som kanske bäst översätts med lagom.
Preussiska dygder
("I Tyskland har de preussiska dygderna blivit kritiserade från olika samhällsgrupper.
Inom borgarklassen fanns det ogillande av dygdernas avstånd från naturvetenskaperna och de sköna konsterna.
Det fanns även borgerligt ogillande gällande betoningen på en statsstyrd ekonomi, samt tillika avståndstagande gentemot de soldatmässiga dygderna ordning och lydnad.
Även inom den tidiga tyska arbetarrörelsen fanns det en betydande fientlighet mot dessa två sistnämnda dygder.

1968 års proteströrelser i Västtyskland vände sig mot dygderna lydnad och lojalitet. De ansågs vara mest anknutna med nationalsocialismen, samt stridande mot 68-vänsterns frihetsideal...")
  • Disciplin (Tyska: Disziplin)
  • Uppriktighet (Tyska: Aufrichtigkeit)
  • Ödmjukhet eller blygsamhet (Tyska: Bescheidenheit)
  • Flit (Tyska: Fleiß)
  • Lydnad med hedersamhet (Tyska: Gehorsam)
  • Hederlighet (Tyska: -)
  • Rättskänsla (Tyska: Gerechtigkeitssinn)
  • Gudsfruktan med religiös fördragsamhet (Tyska: Gottesfurcht bei religiöser Toleranz)
  • Hårdhet mot sig själv mer än mot andra (Självtuktan)
  • Mod (Tyska: Mut)
  • Pliktkänsla eller samvetsgrannhet (Tyska: Pflichtbewusstsein)
  • Redbarhet (Tyska: Redlichkeit)
  • Självförnekelse
  • Sparsamhet
  • Tapperhet utan självömkan
  • Lojalitet (Tyska: -)
  • Omutlighet
  • Ordningssinne
  • Återhållsamhet (Tyska: Zurückhaltung)
  • Underkastelse (Tyska: Unterordnung)
  • Självuppgivelse
  • Pålitlighet
  • Punktlighet
  • Världsmedvetenhet
  • Beslutsamhet (Tyska: Zielstrebigkeit)
De sju dygderna inom katolicismen
"De sju dygderna går tillbaka på en vida läst och uppskattad dikt av 400-talspoeten Aurelius Clemens Prudentius, Psychomachia, som beskriver kampen mellan gott och ont."


Den vanligaste listan med dygderna lyder (på svenska och latin):
  1. Ödmjukhet - humilitas (motsats till högmod)
  2. Generositet - liberalitas (motsats till girighet)
  3. Kyskhet - castitas (motsats till vällust)
  4. Medmänsklighet - humanitas (motsats till avund)
  5. Måttfullhet - temperantia (motsats till frosseri)
  6. Tålamod - patientia (motsats till vrede)
  7. Flit - industria (motsats till lättja)
Katolska kyrkan skiljer mellan De gudomliga dygderna:
  • Tro, Hopp och Kärlek (där den sistnämnda kommer främst).
Och [Kardinaldygd]]erna:
It is a rare psychiatric disorder characterized by reversible amnesia for personal identity, including the memories, personality, and other identifying characteristics of individuality. The state is usually short-lived (ranging from hours to days), but can last months or longer. Dissociative fugue usually involves unplanned travel or wandering, and is sometimes accompanied by the establishment of a new identity.

23 September 2016

LSD Experiment - "Schizophrenia Psychosis Induced by LSD25" 1955 CIA Fun...

"Critically, the researchers showed not only that super-agers had no shrinkage in these brain networks but also that the size of these regions was correlated with memory ability. One of the strongest correlations between brain size and memory was found in an area at the intersection of the salience and default mode networks. Previous research has shown that this region - the para-midcingulate cortex - is an important hub that allows different brain networks to communicate efficiently." ? Paracingulate asymmetry in anterior and midcingulate cortex: sex differences and the effect of measurement technique.
The role of the midcingulate cortex in monitoring others' decisions

10 September 2016

"En ämbetsstav med förgylld silvertopp...
De användes av polisens föregångare. Häktningsordern låg inuti. Vid gripandet knackade man med staven...
De utvecklades ur den stav som Underhusets talman har – en stav från 1600-talet. Och den i sin tur utvecklades ur en gammal stridsklubba. 1300-talets stridsklubbor är stavarnas föregångare. Men vid den här tiden hade de mest ceremoniell funktion.
De här ämbetsstavarna har talmannens stav som förebild."

"Most children will learn to read between kindergarten and 2nd grade, but only when someone — a teacher, parent, grandparent, or older friend — teaches them how to do it.

Even if you begin reading aloud to your baby during pregnancy and don't miss a day from birth to age 5, your child will still need to learn how to decode the printed page. The majority of children will pass through several important stages on their way to becoming good readers — that is, able to gain meaning and understanding from the printed page.

You should monitor your child's passage through these various stages to make sure he's on schedule. Most preschoolers are in the prereading stage. Readers in this stage of development should be able to repeat materials that have been read to them over and over, particularly if the books are predictable and contain lots of rhyming words.

Although children at this stage are not really reading in the sense of identifying words on the page, they do engage in "pretend reading" because they understand that books have meaning. They also know that groups of letters written on a page stand for words.

Once your child is in kindergarten, he should learn to hear the differences between the various sounds that letters make. This ability is an important prerequisite to learning to read, and without it, even the best phonics instruction can fail.

In 1st grade, your child should move into the decoding stage, where children begin to associate letters with sounds and spoken words with printed ones. Because children at this stage are still in the process of learning to sound out words, they are able to read only a fraction of the words whose meanings they can understand orally.

As your child becomes less and less dependent on having to painstakingly sound out each word, he will be able to focus more of his attention on the meaning of what he has read and can begin to tackle increasingly difficult books on his own."

05 September 2016

religion (n.) 

"... According to Cicero derived from relegere "go through again" (in reading or in thought), from re- "again" (see re-) + legere "read" (see lecture (n.)). However, popular etymology among the later ancients (Servius, Lactantius, Augustine) and the interpretation of many modern writers connects it with religare "to bind fast" (see rely), via notion of "place an obligation on," or "bond between humans and gods." In that case, the re- would be intensive. Another possible origin is religiens "careful," opposite of negligens. In English, meaning "particular system of faith" is recorded from c. 1300; sense of "recognition of and allegiance in manner of life (perceived as justly due) to a higher, unseen power or powers" is from 1530s.

To hold, therefore, that there is no difference in matters of religion between forms that are unlike each other, and even contrary to each other, most clearly leads in the end to the rejection of all religion in both theory and practice. And this is the same thing as atheism, however it may differ from it in name. [Pope Leo XIII, Immortale Dei, 1885]" 

22 August 2016

Everyone Is God
"The key idea being proposed here is that the root cause of the major problems of this world lies in the realm of ideas and with what people believe... Which in turn influences Social organization, Economic activity and Political policy. For it is the ideas held in peoples minds, which cause them to do what they do..."
"If you can solve the riddle of Consciousness for Atheists and show that it is Consciousness that the likes of Jesus, Muhammad and Buddha were going on about all along then you can show them the Truth about God . You demonstrate to them that Consciousness is not just some epiphenomena of the brain but rather the Ground and Substrate upon which the brain and the entire physical Universe has its manifest existence."
Wai H. Tsang

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